Research Questions

Matching Type: Match by filling-in the space provided in Column A with a correct letter from Column B.
Column A
_____1. Substitute for the use of vertebrate animals
in student research.
_____2. Involves collecting research data in such a way that it is impossible to connect research data (e.g., responses, questionnaires) with the individual who provided the data. That is, personal identifiers (e.g., names, birthdates, social security numbers are not collected or linked with the data.
_____3. An individual who is knowledgeable in the proper care and handling of the animals involved in a research project.
_____4. An animal specifically bred and raised for laboratory experimentation including rats, mice, hamsters, gerbils, guinea pigs, and rabbits.
_____5.Involves taking careful measures to insure that the research data and/or responses are not disclosed to the public or unauthorized individuals with identifiable information (e.g., names, social security numbers) that links the data with a specific individual or group of individuals.
_____6.Any project in the same field of study from a previous year’s project. This project must document that the additional research is new and different from previous work.
_____7. Any substance controlled by the Drug Enforcement Administration, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, or Food and Drug Administration including those which are illegal for use by minors.
_____8. An adult properly trained in the specific procedures used in the investigation who is directly responsible for overseeing/ supervising the student experimentation.
_____9. A group of qualified individuals responsible for checking compliance of exhibits with display and safety rules.
_____10. The complete date (month, day, year) when laboratory experimentation ceases and/or the date when the allowable twelve month research periods stops.
_____11. Mode or act of termination of life painlessly or as a relief from pain by approved/acceptable methods as defined in the ISEF Rules. Only the qualified scientist or an institutional representative may perform euthanasia.
_____12. Any dangerous chemical, equipment, or radioactive material that exposes a researcher or research subject to risk or harm.
_____13. A person about whom an investigator ( professional or student) conducting research obtains data through: (1) active or passive intervention or interaction with the person or, (2) a source of identifiable private information.
_____14. Any information that could be used to identify a subject or subjects as participating in a research study. Basic identifiers include names, social security numbers, birth dates, and phone numbers. In some situations, variables such as race and ethnicity may identify a subject when there are very few individuals of a particular race in the sample.
_____15. The process of obtaining information to the subject (and where applicable, parents or guardians) about the risks and benefits associated with participation in the research study and allows the subject (and where

applicable, parents or guardians) to make an educated decision about whether or not to participate.
_____16. A formal, established laboratory within an academic, commercial, medical, or government setting, but not in the home or high school.
_____17. A committee of specific composition at an affiliated fair, high school or institution that reviews research plans and consent forms to evaluate potential physical or psychological risk of research involving human subjects.
_____18. A dose that is lethal for 50 percent of the test subjects or death loss of 50 percent of the animals due to the experimental procedure. Death rate should be calculated in each subgroup designated by the experimental design as well as for the experiment.
_____19. Disease-causing or potentially disease-causing agents.
_____20. The offering of another’s work as one’s own by copying, imitating, forging stealing, etc.
_____21. Any organism that has or may have latent ability to cause disease in humans, non-human animals or plants.
_____22. An individual who possesses (1) an earned doctoral degree in science or medicine or (2) a master’s degree with equivalent experience and/or expertise, and who has a working knowledge of the techniques to be used by the student.
_____23. DNA molecules that result from the replication.
_____24. A scientific or medical facility or organization involved in the study and investigation of scientific, medical or engineering topics such as university laboratories, National Institute of Health (NIH), pharmaceutical firms, private foundations and which are registered for grant application with the US federal government.
_____25. Is defined as a professional research/teaching Institution that is regularly inspected by a responsible agency and is licensed to use animals covered by the animal welfare act.
_____26. Final written report, which describes the research project.
_____27 The potential for psychological or physical harm to human subjects as a result of participation in research project (e.g., fatigue, illness, injury, death, emotional stress, invasion of privacy, breech of confidentiality).
_____28. The act of misleading or deceiving others by intentionally falsifying scientific data or statements as research or by misbehavior or improper actions.
_____29. A group of qualified individuals that is responsible for evaluation of student research, certifications, research plans, and exhibits for compliance with the ISEF International Rules and Guidelines.
_____30. The date (month, day, year) on which actual experimentation and data collection in a project begins, excluding a literature search.

Column B

A. Start Date
B. Recombinant DNA
C. Risk
D. Research Report
E. Registered Research Institution
F. Regulated Research Institution
G. Scientific Fraud or Misconduct
H. Alternatives
I. Scientific Review Committee (SRC)
J. Hazardous substance
K. Euthanasia
L. End Date
M. Display and Safety Committee
N. Designated Supervisor
O. Controlled Substances
P. Continuation
Q. Confidentiality
R. Anonymity
S. Animal Care Supervisor
T. Common Laboratory Animal
U. Human Subject
V. Identifiable Information
W. Informed Consent
X. Institutional Laboratory
Y. Institutional Review Board (IRB)
Z. LD 50
AA. Pathogenic Agents
BB. Plagiarism
CC. Potetial Pathogen
DD. Qualified Scientist

II. Multiple Choices. Write the letter that corresponds to the correct answer on the space provided before each number.
_____31. Which is FALSE about research?
a. A systematic way of asking questions.
b. Helped explain observed phenomena.
c. Suggest solutions to a problem.
d. Put our lives to risk.
_____32. Which research skill is not used by Nurses?
a. Gathering information from relatives / carers who accompany the patient to hospital
b. monitoring and reporting of patients mental state
c. Give a prescription to patients.
d. Negotiating individual daily counseling sessions with primary clients to identify and problem solve various issues;
_____33. Mankind is benefited from research because it helps to
a. find a way to solve rice shortage problem.
b. invent explosive materials to be used in fishing.
c. discovering virus.
d. improve the quality of fruits through GMO
_____34. The following are the reasons why research is important to businessmen EXCEPT.
a. improve the quality of the product.
b. increase the sales of competitors.
c.increase number of buyers.
d.come with a good marketing strategy.
_____35. Which NOT the result of developing a research culture in our country?
a. updated technology.
a. left behind.
b. competitive goods
c. abundance and sustainable food supply.
_____36. True experiments have a better ability to demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships between variables than do other methods because the researcher
a. Can decide which subjects to choose.
b. Decide when sufficient data have been collected.
c. Has complete control over assignment of subjects to groups
d. Can decide on which variables to examine
_____37. Which is false about data book?
a. Neatness is not a priority.
b. Accurate and detailed notes.
c. Consistent and thorough
d. Most treasured piece of work
_____38. 3R’s stands for
a. Reuse, Recycle, Reduce
b. Replace, Reuse, Reduce
c. Replace, Refine, Reduce
d. Reuse, Refine, Reduce

Use these choices to answer 39-43. a. SRC b. Veterinarian c. both A & B d. none of these

_____39. Nutritional studies needs the approval of ___.
_____40. Study of lower life forms needs the approval of __.
_____41. Approval of ____ is needed in performing euthanasia.
_____42. ____’s approval is needed in studying tissue culture.
_____43. Conducting Bioassay requires the approval of ___.

For numbers 44- 48 use these choices: a. Allowed b. Allowed if w/ SRC’s approval
c. Allowed if w/ veterinarian’s approval d. Not allowed

_____44. Research project which cause more than momentary pain or suffering to vertebrate animals or which are designed to kill vertebrate animals.
_____45. Induced toxicity such as alcohol, acid rain, insecticide, herbicide, heavy metals, etc. for vertebrate animals.
_____46. Mother infant separation.
_____47. Studies on pain.
_____48. Predator/prey experiment.
_____49. Maximum permissible weight is a. 10% b. 15% c. 20% d. 30%
_____50.If an experimental design requires food or water restriction, it must be appropriate to the species, but may not exceed to _____hrs. a. 10 b. 12 c. 16 d. 18


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